Despite the perception that the world is moving to cloud FTP solutions, many companies prefer to keep file servers on-premise based on factors like security, availability, and cost. For such companies, the most common environment in the world, with approximately 50% market share, is Windows Server.  

In this post, we will examine various on-premise file-sharing configuration options within Windows Server 2019, discuss which of them is most suitable for your needs, and see how to optimize Windows Server for SFTP. 

Creating a Lean On-Premise File Server Solution 

Less is more, especially with intensive applications such as a file server. Keeping your server using as few resources as possible requires identifying and removing unused processes and components, which you can do in two ways: 

  • Minimizing the FTP or SFTP server’s footprint 

Operating as small a footprint as possible is a security best practice to reduce your attack surface. Windows Server 2019 lets you pick roles and features that your SFTP server’s configuration will install and support. This highly modular, flexible option helps administrators build fine-grained control over their file server’s footprint by disabling unused services and elements. 

  • Restricting File Server Roles and Features 

Windows Server also gives fine-grained control over the file server and IIS roles. To minimize resources and maximize security, take advantage of this ability to restrict your file transfer roles as much as possible. In cases where virtualization options are part of the deployment plan, such as running multiple virtual machines or network interfaces, an Additional Hyper-V role should be installed. 


Choosing a file system – Compatibility vs. Robustness (NTFS vs. ReFS) 

Up until recently, utilizing ReFS has meant compromising on features and abilities that NTFS offered. Windows Server 2019’s file server enhancements have brought ReFS much closer to feature parity with NTFS, which is helping some of ReFS’s core advantages shine through.  

Both systems have key differentiators, and it is important to be familiar with the main differences and options of each to best configure your Windows server for file transfer: 

  • ReFS was designed for scalability, resilience, and robustness. It supports far larger volume sizes (up to 35 PB) and offers data protection and data integrity features that are part of the FS core. 

NTFS provides better support for file server tools like DOS filenames, file system level compression, encryption, and disk quotas, which may be a determining factor for less data-intensive environments. 


Distributed File Support (DFS) for Windows Server 

Windows Server 2019’s DFS support is a way to create a single namespace that encompasses multiple file servers. 

This approach has multiple advantages, including: 

  • Allowing users to find data without needing to know which server holds the files or replicating data in multiple directories 
  • Silently redirecting user requests to the closest file server to reduce network file transfer loads. 

How to Pick the Right Server Message Block (SMB) Protocol – Know Your Environment 

The Server Message Block (SMB) Protocol is a network file-sharing protocol consisting of a set of message packets that defines a particular protocol version (called a dialect or version). 

While there are three different versions of the SMB protocol, supporting all three is unnecessary for most file server environments. Identifying the most suitable scenario for your organizational needs and disabling the other protocol versions can help improve file transfer security. 

For backwards compatibility and support of older Windows versions, SMB v1.0 support for file transfer is required, but is also considered the least secure option. If the operational environment allows it, a preferable option is to disable SMB v1.0 and use more recent versions of the SMB protocol. 

How to Leverage File Server Resource Manager (FSRM) to Enforce Compliance 

FSRM is a Windows Server role used to enforce folder quotas on the file server and generate reports on storage usage. In addition, FSRM adds a file screening function that prevents users from storing certain file types on the file server, enabling a measure of protection to help against ransomware attacks. 

If your team supports a storage-hungry user base or has issues with lax file security, FSRM can help enforce an additional level of file server protection. 

Disable Windows Auto-Tuning for High-Volume File Transfer 

When transferring large numbers of files, disabling Windows Auto-Tuning can improve a client’s connection stability and maintain a continuous connection without dropping and compromising the transfer.  

To do so, open a Command Prompt and run as Administrator: 

netsh int tcp set global autotuninglevel=disabled 


Microsoft Windows Server Best Practices to Benchmark an Optimized Configuration 

Windows 2019 server comes with an extremely handy tool – the “Best Practices Analyzer”. This tool will gather information about your server configuration and compare it to other similarly deployed configurations to recommend the best practices and for your specific configuration. 

This evolving and constantly updating benchmarking tool is a good “Sanity check” to ensure all aspects of your file-sharing application are current.  

Of course, remember that any “suggested recommendation” should be reviewed and applied with care.

JSCAPE, Part of the Redwood Software Ecosystem

As you delve into the world of on-premise file-sharing configurations with Windows Server 2019 and look into optimizing for SFTP, you might need more advanced features and capabilities to fully meet your enterprise’s unique requirements.

JSCAPE, part of the Redwood Software family, complements your on-premise solutions, offering unparalleled support for any secure protocol and seamless file sharing with any trading partner. Our REST API lets you connect to any platform, ensuring your scaling mid-sized or enterprise-level company is equipped for scalable, secure file transfers.

If you’re ready to elevate your file transfer operations with robust and flexible capabilities, delve into the possibilities with JSCAPE MFT Server. Discover more about how we can enhance your on-premise file transfer solutions on our detailed overview page.

If you have questions about on-premise file transfer with Cerberus, visit Cerberus FTP Server’s forum or contact our in-house support.